Experimental nuclear and particle physics center

 Ad Interim Chair -   Prof. Dr.Sc. Juozas Vidmantis Vaitkus

J. V. Vaitkus


Center Mission

Over the past decade Lithuania has worked to strengthen and diversify its involvement with CERN through several avenues. Now as Lithuania is approaching the associate membership at CERN, the Centers was founded to strengthen the experimental high energy physics related researh at Vilnius University. The main duties of the Center are foreseen:

  • Raise the public awareness for fundamental physics such as the current understanding of the Universe and its origin in a form that is suitable for a broad audience;
  • coordinate the research activities in theoretical and experimental high energy physics, material and computer science and medical applications relevant to CERN research fields;
  • facilitate the involvement of researchers at Vilnius University into the programmes and experiments conducted at CERN;
  • organize teaching and training of students and young researchers in particle physics, particle detector techniques, data processing and related fields.

Relations between Vilnius University and CERN (Historical information)

A first involvement of Vilnius University researchers started in 1994, when prof. Juozas Vaitkus researchers‘ team joined prof. Kenway Smith (spokesperson of RD8) team at the Glasgow university (Scotland) to investigate radiation induced defects in GaAs. In 1995 Vilnius University team joined CERN RD8 collaboration, and the research was supported by Lithuanian branch of International Center of Culture „World Laboratory“ (project leader prof. Juras Pozela) and by the Royal Society (London) long term program (project leaders K.Smith and J.Vaitkus).

In 2004 a Cooperation Agreement was signed between CERN and the Government of Lithuania concerning further development of scientific and technical co-operation in particle physics. A Protocol to this agreement was signed in 2005 covering the participation of universities and scientific institutions from Lithuania in particle physics experiments at CERN. Lithuania has actively participated in the CMS experiment, and the RD39 and RD50 collaborations as a result.

CMS: Efforts to involve Lithuania in the CMS Collaboration were intensified after the signing of the Cooperation Agreement with an important stimulus provided by Lithuanian physicists, some from academic institutions outside of Lithuania (especially by prof. Guenakh Mitselmacher, the University of Florida Physics Department).   As a result of this, a number of Lithuanian scientists and students started active participation in CERN and CMS research activities.

During this period closer contacts were established between the Vilnius Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy (ITPA) and CMS.

Lithuania joined CMS on 22 June 2007 with two institutes, Vilnius University and the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences. Since then they are contributing to the annual maintenance and operation as well as construction and upgrade costs of the experiment.

Two Lithuanian physicists from the University of Vilnius (A.Juodagalvis and J.Vaitkus) are currently authors of CMS physics publications and several more, employed by institutes outside of Lithuania, are participating in CMS physics analysis in various areas.

Some of the specific topics of involvement are Standard model physics (Drell-Yan process) and the Higgs decay to taus or muons. The CMS subsystems where Lithuanian participation is gradually progressing are the Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM; team leader dr. Andrius Juodagalvis), and the Beam Radiation Instrumentation and Luminosity (BRIL) projects. Lithuanian engineers have also played a significant role in the calibration of the Hadron Calorimeter (HCAL).

The area in which Lithuania is delivering the most significant support to CMS is in IT-related services, mainly by providing qualified computing engineers and students, principally from the Vilnius University Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics (team of prof. A.Juozapavičius).

Since 2007 on average ten Lithuanian computing engineers from Vilnius University continuously collaborated with CMS in the areas of Core Computing, Offline and Physics Performance, and Dataset operation tasks. More recently, Lithuanian computing engineers have also been involved in Data Acquisition work. The support as well as the tools and procedures elaborated by these engineers are recognized as being of very high quality and greatly appreciated for data collection efficiency and certification support for the operation of the experiment. The Baltic Grid (I and II) was a European Union project in which both CERN and Vilnius University were participating partners from 2005 to 2010. It was designed to increase the impact, adoption and reach, and to further improve the support of services and users of the grid infrastructure addressing the needs of HEP communities including CMS. In this framework, the Vilnius University Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics established a Tier-3 computing facility on its premises with the objective of familiarizing students and employees with CERN/CMS computing. Over the past decade, CMS has hosted a number of Lithuanian students for varying periods of time with some hundred in total having contributed to the data processing, efficient collection and certification of high quality data for the CMS experiment.

RD39: The main focus of the collaboration is on development of radiation hard cryogenic silicon detectors for applications of LHC experiments and their future upgrades. Notable activities include the Charge Injected Detector (CID) development, and Beam Loss Monitor (BLM) detectors. For over 10 years a group from the University of Vilnius (team leader prof. Eugenijus Gaubas) specialising in radiation defects in detectors has been actively participating in RD39 research, aiming to develop cryogenic detectors for particle physics experiments and the LHC accelerator. Research fields include creation and development of measurement technologies, instruments for investigations of the impact of high energy radiations, simulations of functional characteristics of radiation induced defects, and detectors. The main results have been presented at RD39 workshops between 2006 and 2016 and published in many scientific articles, RD39 publications, and status reports. An RD39 Workshop was organised in Lithuania in June, 2007.

RD50: The RD50 collaboration is developing radiation tolerant semiconductor devices for very high luminosity colliders and Vilnius University team (leader prof. J.Vaitkus) contributes since its beginning in 2002 . The current focus of the research program is on development of silicon detectors for the High-Luminosity LHC programme. As one of the founding members, the Department of Semiconductor Physics from Vilnius University has been participating for 14 years in the research activities of the collaboration. Their main scientific contribution lies in the defect characterization of radiation damaged semiconductor materials with potential use as base material for radiation tolerant semiconductor vertex and tracking detectors. The Vilnius team performed substantial work on the characterization of GaN based sensors, evaluating their potential use as tracking detectors in high radiation environments. In addition they were key players in the RD50 WODEAN (Workshop on Defect Analysis in irradiated silicon detectors) project. Their expertise and experimental equipment for photoconductivity and carrier lifetime measurements is unique within the collaboration and has delivered valuable input for the understanding of radiation damage in silicon sensors. More recently, the focus of their experimental work changed towards characterization of different silicon materials such as high resistivity epitaxial, Floating Zone and Czochralski silicon of different conductivity types. The carrier lifetime measurements of the Vilnius Group as a function of radiation fluence for a wide variety of different particles showed a remarkable linearity over several orders of magnitude in radiation fluence. This work led to the design of a new fluence monitoring device, further developed within the AIDA and AIDA-2020 EU projects.

The latest contributions of the Vilnius team are in the area of radiation induced defect simulations, and in particular on the simulation of defect cluster related damage and the development of a new defect characterization method based on pulsed photo-ionization spectroscopy. Vilnius University hosted the 10th RD50 Workshop, has delivered scientific contributions to almost all of the 21 Workshops, and published more than 20 papers in the framework of RD50. Prof. J.Vaitkus has held management responsibilities within the collaboration; convening the “New materials” research line for 5 years (2002-2007) and since 2011 acting as Deputy Collaboration Board Chair. In 2016 team of prof. Gintautas Tamulaitis joined AIDA-2020 project and CERN RD18 „Crystal Clear Collaboration“.

The organisational structure page 001

Researchers teams

(All teams share facitities and manpower with other divisions of Vilnius university):

 I.Particle Sensors and Irradiation Dosimetry”, (at the Institute of Applied Research).

Team leader, Dr. Sc. Eugenijus Gaubas,

Off. ph.: +370 5 2234480 e-mail addr.:

  1. Current research activities?

Cryogenic tracking detectors (CERN rd39); Si and GaN as well as diamond sensors (CERN CMS); Radiation hard semiconductor devices for very high luminosity colliders (CERN rd50); contactless, in situ and remote control of radiation damage and dosimetry for Advanced European Infrastructures for Detectors at Accelerators (CERN project AIDA-2020).

  1. Field of interest within the Center?

Analysis of particle sensor signals, spectroscopy of radiation defects, design and fabrication of dosimeters and sensors for contactless monitoring of large areas impacted by large hadron fluences, search for materials, technologies and sensor design modifications capable to withstand the high luminosity irradiations

  1. Available resources (Instrumentation, irradiation facilities etc.)
  2. EPR spectrometer BRUKER ALEXSYS E-580 and BRUKER e-scanner
  3. Vilnius University proprietary carrier lifetime scanners and spectrometers: VUTEG-2, -3, -4, -5-CERN AIDA and VUTEG-6
  4. IR spectrophotometer (SPECORD-IR-75), SS and TR luminescence spectrometers including remote and in situ spectrum recorders for analysis of the particle excited luminescence
  5. I-V, C-V analyzers and DLTS spectrometers
  6. TCT scanners
  7. BELIV scanners
  8. A linear particle accelerator Tandetron 4110A with proprietary irradiation chamber in collaboration with Institute of Physics
  9. Simulation TCAD farm using SYNOPSYS software and server cluster


II.Radiation hardness of semiconductors and deep level spectroscopy”.

(at the Institute of Applied Research).

Team leader, Prof. Dr. Sc. Juozas Vaitkus,

Off. ph.: +370 5 2234503 e-mail addr.:

  1. Current research activities

Radiation hard semiconductor devices for very high luminosity colliders (CERN rd50); radiation monitoring and imaging for Advanced European Infrastructures for Detectors at Accelerators (CERN project AIDA-2020). Investigation of carrier transport, generation, recombination and trapping phenomena by means of photo, - magnetic, - thermally stimulated spectroscopy. Modeling radiation clusters; Modeling semiconductor devices used in CERN RD50 investigations

  1. Field of interest within the Center?

Investigation of fundamental and applied aspects of carrier transport, generation, recombination and trapping phenomena in materials and structures important for HEP. Analysis defects in different semiconductors, radiation defects, modeling of clusters and detectors.

Study of irradiated semiconductor materials and devices (computer modeling).

  1. Available resources (Instrumentation, irradiation facilities etc.)

Photo-electrical, photo-magneto-electrical, deep-level-transient spectroscopy, IV testing, CV analysis equipment and apparatus Keithley 6430, Keithley 6517B, Keithley 6487, temperature range 10 K- 350 K. Liquid hellium cryogenic system ARS Cryo. Janis VPF-475 cryostat with CryoCon-32 with SI9700. Digital monochromator Bentham TMc300 with Bentham 605, Wayne Kerr 6440B impedance analyser.

Two workstation computers used for TCAD simulations and density functional modeling. Hall/magnetoresistivity measurement setup with 20ns impulse YAG:Nd laser, oscilloscope readout capability in 100 MHz range. Insulated electrical source/measurement up to 210V with 0.1 mV precision, 200 TOhm resistivity, from 1 pA to 100 mA current range.

III. “Study of Scintillators and their Applications for HEP callorimeters” (at the Institute of Applied Research).

Team leader: Prof. Gintautas Tamulaitis, ; +370 61557525

Current research activities?

  1. Study of fast nonlinear optical processes to be exploited in future radiation detectors with timing capacities of the order of 10 ps;
  2. Study of scintillators prospective for application in radiation detection with 10 ps timing by using different varieties of photoluminescence spectroscopy and pump and probe experiments in different configurations;
  3. Search for novel garnet-type materials and glass ceramics prospective as scintillators.

Field of interest within the Center?

  1. New links with CERN providing opportunities to become involved in CERN experiments, particularly CMS;
  2. Increased personal involvements of the group members in the activities at CERN;
  3. Access to additional funding to accelerate activities in the directions emerging as necessary at CERN;
  4. Enhanced attractiveness for students of the Faculty of physics and foreign PhD students and postdocs

Available resources (Instrumentation, irradiation facilities etc.)

Nonlinear optical techniques.

The setup exploits non-destructive and contactless light-induced transient grating (LITG) technique for evaluation of the diffusion coefficient (>0.1 cm2/s) and lifetime (>20 ps) of nonequilibrium carriers.

The investigation of the dominant recombination mechanism of photoexcited carriers is performed by measuring carrier lifetime dependence on photoexcitation level and/or sample temperature by using monochromatic pump and monochromatic or broad spectrum probe technique.

Main equipment

Experimental system consisting of Yb:KGW femtosecond laser (pulse duration ~200 fs, 6 W@30 kHz), two optical parametric amplifiers (OPA) continuously tunable in 650–2500 nm range (second harmonic is available), high-precision (step of 1 µm) long travel (600 mm) opto-mechanical delay stage together with imaging spectrometer coupled with NMOS linear sensor for photoluminescence and differential absorption spectra collection in a ultraviolet and visible range.

Two solid-state picosecond lasers (25 ps pulse duration for Nd:YAG and 8 ps for Nd:YLF) up to 100 mJ per pulse energy @1064nm. The second (532 nm), third (355 nm), fourth (266 nm), and fifth (213 nm) harmonics are available.

Two Nd:YAG nanosecond lasers (pulse duration of 2 and 10 ns) with a possibility to synchronize lasing with a picosecond laser pulse using electronic pulse delay generator; the setup useful for probing of long-lasting (up to 100 milliseconds) processes.

Time-correlated single photon counting setup for measuring spectrally integrated photoluminescence decay with sub-nanosecond (~200 ps) time resolution.

A closed-cycle helium cryostat (10-300K), a liquid nitrogen cryostat (78-800K), laser beam profilers and laser power meters are available.

Time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy

The time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy setup is used for luminescence measurements in UV-VIS spectral regions with picosecond time resolution. The PL spectra can be measured with delays from nanoseconds to seconds. The measurements can be performed in a wide temperature range (77-500 K) as well as a wide range of excitation power densities.

Main equipment

Excitation source:

Femtosecond laser (pulse duration 290 fs, power 6 W@100 kHz) together with optical parametric amplifier (310-1064 nm).

Luminescence registration system:

Spectrometer SP-300 coupled with streak camera (250-900 nm, time resolution 30 ps).

Accessories: Liquid nitrogen cryosystem (78-500 K).

Luminescence spectroscopy with spatial resolution

Multifunctional microscopy system WITec Alpha 300 operating in three different modes: scanning near-field optical microscope (SNOM), confocal, and atomic force microscope (AFM). The microscopic system is coupled with spectrometer equipped with a cooled CCD camera or photomultiplier.

The surface morphology and spatial distribution of luminescence parameters can be measured simultaneously using SNOM. The spatial resolution of luminescence is ~100 nm, and the spatial resolution of topography is ~200 nm.

The spatial distribution of luminescence parameters can be measured in confocal mode; the highest spatial resolution in visible is ~250 nm in-plane and ~800 nm perpendicularly to the sample surface.

The confocal and SNOM measurements can be performed in VIS-NIR spectral regions in a wide range of excitations (from kW/cm2 to MW/cm2).

Sample surface topography can be analyzed using AFM in contact mode with ~10 nm spatial resolution. The largest area of a single scan is 80×80 µm2.

Using marks on the sample surface, the images obtained in confocal spectroscopy and AFM measurements can be matched.

Main equipment

Excitation sources:

  1. CW He-Cd laser (442 nm);
  2. CW laser diodes emitting at 405 and 660 nm.

Luminescence registration systems:

  1. Spectrometer UTS-300 coupled with CCD camera (300-900 nm);
  2. Spectrometer SR-303 coupled with InGaAs CCD camera (800-2200 nm);
  3. Photomultiplier tube (185-850 nm);
  4. InGaAs detector module (1000-2050 nm).

Microscope objectives: 10× NA = 0.25; 50× NA = 0.55; 60× NA = 0.8; 100× NA = 0.9.

Luminescence spectroscopy setup

The luminescence spectroscopy setup is used for measurements in UV-VIS-NIR spectral regions under steady-state and quasi-steady-state excitation conditions (i.e. under excitation of 4-10-ns-long pulses exceeding the free carrier lifetime), or with the time resolution in nanosecond domain.

Two geometries can be used for excitation: front-surface for standard luminescence measurements, and edge-emission for the study of stimulated emission and optical gain, using variable stripe length technique.

The measurements can be performed in a wide temperature range from 8 to 300 K and under excitation intensities ranging over 9 orders of magnitude from mW/cm2 to MW/cm2.

A double monochromator with low level of scattered light, which is coupled with photomultiplier tube, is used for luminescence spectroscopy with high spectral resolution or for measuring luminescence spectra at resonant excitation within the spectral range of the measurement, while rapid routine measurements are performed using a CCD camera.

The time-resolved PL spectra with nanosecond time resolution are measured up to millisecond timescale using ICCD.

Main equipment

Excitation sources:

  1. CW He-Cd laser (325 nm);
  2. Nanosecond YAG:Nd laser and its harmonics (1064, 532, 355, 266, and 213 nm; pulse duration 4 ns; max pulse energy 250 mJ@1064 nm, 120 mJ@532 nm, 80 mJ@355 nm, 30 mJ@266 nm, 8 mJ@213 nm);
  3. Tunable wavelength laser (210-2300 nm; pulse duration 4 ns; max pulse energy: up to 5 mJ@210-420 nm, up to 30 mJ@420-2300 nm).

Luminescence registration systems:

  1. Double monochromator HRD-1 coupled with photomultiplier tube (160-930 nm);
  2. Spectrometer SR-500 coupled with ICCD (180-850 nm, time resolution 2 ns);
  3. Spectrometer SR-303 coupled with InGaAs CCD (800-2200 nm).


  1. Closed-cycle helium cryosystem (8-300 K);
  2. Laser power and energy meters;
  3. Fiber couplers to spectrometers.

Measurement of luminescence efficiency

An integrating sphere by SphereOptics is used for measuring external photoluminescence quantum efficiency. The interior surface of the sphere is covered with BaSO4 and is highly reflective in the range from 350 to 1000 nm. Monochromized xenon lamp light is used for photoluminescence excitation, the sphere is coupled with a Hamamatsu spectrometer for light registration.

 IV. Theoretical and experimental particle physics group (at Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy).

Team leader dr. Andrius Juodagalvis, 

Phone: +370 (5) 2234658, +37061919146. E-mail:

Current research activities

Theoretical research is focused on the extended Standard Model (the Grimus-Neufeld model, where a second Higgs doublet and the fermionic neutrino singlet fields are added to the Standard Model fields). Other theoretical research interests in particle physics include the supersymmetric SO(10) group, phenomenology of the neutrino sector, the multi Higgs-doublet model. Experimental particle physics research is carried out at the Compact muon solenoid (CMS) experiment at CERN. Proton-proton collision data is analyzed studying the Drell-Yan process. Participation in the muon system upgrade project GEM is focused on the development of the database systems (detector construction, online and offline) in collaboration with the IT group from the Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics. A search for another suitable gas mixture for GEM detectors is being done as well. The members of the group participate in CMS “maintenance and operations” activities by taking shifts in the CMS control room and perform institutional reviews of the CMS publications.

Field of interest within the Center

Theoretical particle physics research. Analysis of the CMS proton-proton collision data. A combined contribution to the CMS research, maintenance and operations.

Available resources (Instrumentation, irradiation facilities etc.)

Desktop computers and laptops. Access to the high-performance computing centers of Vilnius University at the Faculty of Physics and the Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics.


V. Particle physics outreach group (At Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy).

Team leader dr. Aušra Kynienė, Phone: (5) 2234646; e-mail:

Current research activities

Popular science lectures for public. Particle physics educational materials for schools. Outreach to general public and activities tailored for schoolchildren.

Field of interest within the Center?

Education and outreach in particle physics.

Available resources (Instrumentation, irradiation facilities etc.)

Presentations and materials are being prepared using desktop computers and laptops (either those of Vilnius University or personal). Some outreach activities are getting done borrowing laptops from a private school “Saulės gimnazija.”

VI. Vilnius University Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics (FMI) CERN group,

Team leader: prof. Algimantas Juozapavičius,

+370 5 2195009, e-mail:

Current research activities

LHC CMS Data Acquisition Systems (DAQ)

LHC CMS databases and tools for Detector configuration, calibration and alignment

LHC CMS Data Monitoring and Physics Data Certification

LHC CMS Run Coordination

Field of interest within the Center?

LHC CMS Data Acquisition Systems (DAQ)

LHC CMS Data Monitoring and Physics Data Certification

Data Science and Machine learning methods at HEP

Available resources (Instrumentation, irradiation facilities etc.)

3x low-end desktop computers

Virtual server infrastructure within FMI

VII. Elementary Particle Physics group (At Faculty of Physics)

Team leader: dr. Thomas Gajdosik, +37061169425,

Research activities

  • Analyzing (and understanding) the Grimus-Neufeld model (a two Higgs doublet and fermionic singlet seesaw extension of the Standard Model of particle physics) for signatures that can be searched for at the LHC.
  • Calculating the possible stable configurations of protons and neutrons from the understanding of their interaction.

Field of interest within the Center?

Theoretical Elementary Particle Physics

Available resources (Instrumentation, irradiation facilities etc.)

Access to the high performance open access computing center.

VIII. Theoretical few-body nuclear physics group (At Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy)

Team leader dr. Arnoldas Deltuva phone: 2234653; e-mail:

Current research activities

Three- and four-nucleon scattering, electromagnetic processes, few-body nuclear reactions, few-particle universal/Efimov physics.

Field of interest within the Center? Few-body nuclear reactions.

Available resources (Instrumentation, irradiation facilities etc.)

Desktop computers, institute’s workstation, and laptops.




Chair for experimental nuclear and particle physics center at Vilnius University in Lithuania

Vilnius University is seeking an excellent scientist to fill a leading position in the Faculty of Physics. The successful candidate is expected to build a research team to carry out studies in the field of experimental particle physics, and establish a strong connection to CERN. She/he is also expected to work in close collaboration with other research groups at Vilnius University, with the aim to increase the level of cooperation between Lithuania and other international scientific and academic institutions, and with particular attention to Lithuania-CERN cooperation.

Vilnius University has joined CERN RD collaborations in 2002 and the CMS experiment in 2007. Previous participation in one of the major experiments at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN (ALICE, ATLAS, CMS or LHCb) will be considered an advantage.

Vilnius University is the oldest and most comprehensive university in Lithuania. According to “QS World University Rankings 2016-2017”, it is among top 500 universities in the world. Vilnius University has 12 faculties, 7 research institutes, 4 study and research centers, and the University hospital. The academic staff consists of 1350 employees (250 of them are professors) and around 20,000 students, including 3,600 graduate and 900 doctoral students.

The research laboratories of the Faculty of Physics have premises in the National Centre of Physical and Technological Sciences in Sunrise Valley (“Saulėtekio”) since 2016. The Valley is the largest and most advanced base for physical, chemical and life sciences and for technology in Lithuania and the Baltic states. The lecture rooms and the educational laboratories at the Faculty of Physics, the largest center of physics studies in Lithuania, are situated nearby.

A Chair position is equivalent to a full professor position. The incumbent is expected to fulfill the requirements corresponding to the recommended European competences for a leading (R4) or, at least, an established (R3) researcher.

Candidates must have been trained at international particle physics laboratories and leading national collaborating institutions, with expertise in modern experimental particle physics. They must demonstrate a proven record in securing significant research funding/budgets/resources and experience in managing and leading research projects.

Applications are invited from candidates of any nationality and gender. Citizens of non-EU countries will need to fulfil the requirements for obtaining a work permit in Lithuania. The successful candidate must take residence in Vilnius.


Chair’s mission:

  • Coordinate Lithuania’s research activities in theoretical and experimental high energy physics, and in materials and computer sciences and medical applications relevant to CERN research fields;
  • facilitate the involvement of researchers at Vilnius University into the programmes and experiments conducted at CERN;
  • organize teaching and training of students and young researchers in particle physics, particle detector techniques, data processing and related fields;
  • raise the public awareness for fundamental physics such as the current understanding of the Universe and its origin in a form that is suitable for a broad audience.


Full details of the Chair’s duties will be provided upon request.

The successful candidate will be entitled to:

  • a separate office;
  • premises to establish her/his own laboratory, if the existing infrastructure does not match the needs, within the limits of the Centre’s financial possibilities;
  • Salary Range: negotiable and depending on experience

The applications should be sent to VU Directorate of Personnel ;

The deadline: 10 September, 2017.

A cover letter should include a request to participate in the contest and should be addressed to the Rector of Vilnius University.

Also, a description of academic activities together with a list of scientific publications, curriculum vitae, an outline of the research plan and any other additional documents allowing to objectively evaluate the qualifications of the applicant.

The letters of support from senior scientists with an established track record in high-energy nuclear and particle physics (min 3, max 6) has to be sent directly to Vilnius university ().

If YOU are interested in more details, please contact the Ad Interim Chair prof. Juozas Vaitkus.

e-mail: , phone (office) +370 5 2234503, (mobile) +37068614893.


Inf. ruošiama...